|Pricing, especially in the used car business, generally isn’t regulated. With the exception of limits on the rate of finance charge in financing transactions imposed by most states, caps on credit insurance, and in a few states, limits on GAP, doc prep fees and service contracts, a dealer is free to price its cars, and any related goods or services, as it pleases. The sky is the limit, and the price of things is limited only by the bargaining savvy of the buyer.|
A buyer who has bargaining skills and who is willing to use them might pay hundreds, and perhaps thousands, less for his or her car, and might save hundreds more on the purchase of a service contract, GAP, “etch,” and all the other “soft-adds” that some dealers push.
What about the buyer who doesn’t have those bargaining skills, or, perhaps, the willingness to use them? That buyer will end up paying $995 for the $395 service contract, $750 for the $250 GAP contract, and so on.
“So what?” you ask. It’s a free country, and a free market. The buyer was willing to pay our price. What’s the problem?
Well, consumer advocates will claim that charging way too much for a product or service – a practice that they call “sucker pricing” - violates a state’s unfair and deceptive trade practices law or the Uniform Commercial Code’s covenant of good faith and fair dealing. But, except in the most extreme cases, these tend not to be winning arguments.
So the dealer would probably prevail against these arguments, all things being equal. But there’s a chance that the dealer will not end up on a level playing field when he appears in court. In a court, there’s always the possibility that a judge will apply “Tom’s Law.” What’s Tom’s Law?
I’ve always been a cynic. In law school, the professors taught us that judges and juries apply precedents and various applicable theories of law to come to their decisions. I don’t believe it. I think that when judges and juries get a sense that one party or the other should prevail, they go searching for whatever precedents and legal theories they need to support the result that they feel is right. Tom’s Law.
Tom’s Law is what happens when the judge decides that the dealer really took advantage of the buyer by hammering him or her on the price of the car and the related goods and services. The judge may not rule that high prices, standing alone, are in violation of any law or regulation, but that’s not the point. When the judge gets that odor of “sucker pricing,” or other perceived dealer misdeeds, suddenly the rules change.
All of a sudden, the plaintiff’s arguments that the dealer has violated highly technical rules and laws begin to sound reasonable to the judge. Rulings on procedural issues and whether evidence can be admitted begin to favor the buyer. The buyer becomes the home team, and the dealer is definitely the away team. The result is sometimes obvious, sometimes subtle, but it’s there.
According to opinion polls, auto dealers are not generally held in high regard even in the best of times, so car dealers don’t need any additional handicaps when they appear in court. So you can engage in sucker pricing or other sharp practices if you want, but be prepared to pay the price if you do. Tom’s Law.
Ford Motor Co. and Volkswagen Group announced the first formal steps toward a partnership that will produce new commercial vehicles and pursue shared innovations in mobile services, autonomy, and electrification.